Nomads in Archaeology (New Studies in Archaeology) by Roger Cribb

By Roger Cribb

Nomads in Archaeology addresses the matter of ways to check cellular peoples utilizing archaeological suggestions. It accordingly bargains not just with the prehistory and archaeology of nomads but additionally with present matters in concept and method, quite the concept that of 'site structure'. this is often the 1st quantity to be dedicated solely to nomad archaeology. It comprises sections at the historical past and origins of pastoral nomad societies, the economics of pastoralism, social organization of pastoral groups and the 'visibility threshold' of nomad fabric tradition. Examples and case reports are drawn from box paintings and released resources basically in Turkey and Iran.

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The full expression of such a tendency towards pastoral accumulation will ultimately involve a household in the kinds of logistics and social networks characterized as 'nomadic'. Nomadism While nomadism need not imply a lack of patterned movement or fixed migration cycle as suggested by some (Gulliver 1958), neither does it exactly connote a 'fixed round of movement . . 499). 96-7) - should be regarded as a necessary but by no means a sufficient condition for the full expression of nomadism. Viewed in the short term it is understandable why so much weight has been placed on the seasonal cycle and regular migration tracks.

The degree of human involvement is therefore one vital index of the presence of nomadism. The other is the degree of potential mobility of the transhumance track itself. Only where a transhumance pattern involves substantial numbers of people engaged in tending and exploiting the herd for subsistence, and is potentially subject to lateral shifts into new zones at either end of the cycle, are we dealing with the upper end of the sedentary-nomadic continuum. Like 'transhumance7, 'semi-nomadism' is a much abused term.

G. Bates 1972; Irons 1975). While the political ramifications of such events have been discussed (Bates 1972), the implications for patterns of mobility have not been explored. Viewed over the long term it becomes clear that small perturbations in seasonal migration tracks could eventually build into wholesale shifts in the distribution of migratory groups. It is this latter tendency which I would regard as being characteristically 'nomadic'. A useful distinction might be drawn between forms of tied or tethered nomadism (Ingold 1987, p.

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