Practical Materia Medica of the Medieval Eastern by Lev, E., Amar, Z.

By Lev, E., Amar, Z.

The authors supply a brand new perception to the perform of remedy within the medieval international. They learn the medicinal prescriptions and references to materia medica of the Cairo Genizah via combining the techniques of ethnobotany and historical past of medication.

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Extra resources for Practical Materia Medica of the Medieval Eastern Mediterranean According to the Cairo Genizah (Sir Henry Wellcome Asian Series)

Sample text

9. ). It should be mentioned that it is not always possible to be as specific about an identification as might be thought. The local varieties could differ substantially, and often some related species might be intended. 13 In our work, on account of the uncertainty we have bundled such similar substances in one entry under a general (collective) name, even though they could be different species or kinds (identified by us in most cases). Such cases can be found in part C, chapter 6, in the entries for vitriol and wormwood.

81. 70. 11 See the complete list of the identified prescriptions, including information on each one of them, in Part D, Appendix 5. 7 prescriptions, lists, letters and their analysis 45 From examining the dozens of prescriptions discovered in the Genizah we were able to draw up the general form of the original prescriptions. Nearly all the prescriptions consist of the following fundamental parts: 1. Materia Medica—3–10 substances mainly of plant, animal, and inorganic origin. 2. Measurements—quantities of the substances to be used (dirham, ʙūqqiya)12 3.

A few more were discovered in other collections. In most cases they are written in Arabic script (92) or Arabic written in Hebrew script (Judaeo-Arabic) (47), the most widely used languages and dialects in the daily life of medieval Cairo. Very rarely Hebrew (1) or Judaeo-Persian (1) is found. In a few cases3 the prescription is written in Judaeo-Arabic but the benedictions that open and close it are written in Arabic script. 305; see figure 4. 365; see figure 5. 305. 44 chapter four The handwriting is usually sloppy and unclear.

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