Prehistoric Steppe Adaptation and the Horse by Katie Boyle, Marsha Levine, Colin Renfrew

By Katie Boyle, Marsha Levine, Colin Renfrew

The domestication of the pony used to be some of the most major occasions within the improvement of many human societies, ushering in new modes of delivery and battle and producing social and political switch. This quantity examines the origins of horse husbandry and pastoralism - specifically nomadic pastoralism - within the Eurasian steppe. It brings jointly archaeologists and archaeozoologists from Asia, Europe and North the US to supply a wide-ranging review of concerns and facts for the improvement of imperative eu societies from the Neolithic to the Iron Age. a lot of the cloth is made to be had in English for the 1st time. the problems surrounding the domestication of the pony are set firmly in the broader context of steppe ecology and human subsistence, and with the advance of pastoral economies throughout this significant geographical region.

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1978. Metallurgic provinces and periodization of early metal age in the USSR [Metallurgicheskie provintsii i periodizatsya epokhi rannego metalla na terriitorii SSSR]. Soviet Archaeology [Sovetskaya Arkheologiya] 4, 53–81. , 1998. ), 129–33. , G. Kukla & H. ), 1997. Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse. Conclusion We can see that the main stages of climatic and environmental history are synchronous in the large area covered by the Eurasian steppe and forest-steppe belt. The climate and environmental situation was far from stable in the Holocene.

Forests in the steppe belt at the Bronze Age. The limit of the steppe and forest-steppe belt is shown (after Lavrenko et al. 1991). Locations of pine forests in the steppe and foreststeppe belts are shown (after Gribanov 1960; Pravdin 1964 and Gribova et al. 1980). Main regions of mining and metal production in the steppe and forest-steppe belt are shown (after Chernykh 1978). Locations of extinct pine forests in the steppe belt are shown (after Kremenetski et al. 1999b). The region of the Lower Dnepr (Oleshki) sands was the largest area of concentration of workshops of bronze-smelters in the steppe belt in the Ukraine (Berezanskaya & Sharafutdinova 1985).

Kiev: Naukova Dumka. N. K. Klige, 1987. Changes in the Regime of the Caspian Sea and Interior Basins in the Past [Izmenenie Rezhima Kaspiiskogo Moria i Besstochnykh Vodoemov v Paleovremeni]. Moscow: Nauka. A. A. Klimanov, 1997. Climate and vegetation dynamics in the tundra and forest zone during the Late Glacial and Holocene. Quaternary International 41/42, 71–96. , 1983. On the Lake Balkhash evolution in the late Holocene [O razvitii ozera Balkhash v pozdnem golotsene]. Proceedings of Russian Geographical Society [Izvestia Russkogo Geographicheskogo Obschestva] 1, 58–64.

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