Primate Communication and Human Language: Vocalisation, by Anne Vilain, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Christian Abry, Jacques
By Anne Vilain, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Christian Abry, Jacques Vauclair
After an extended interval the place it's been conceived as iconoclastic and virtually forbidden, the query of language origins is now on the centre of a wealthy debate, confronting acute proposals and unique theories. most significantly, the talk is nourished by means of a wide set of experimental information from disciplines surrounding language. The editors of the current booklet have accrued researchers from numerous fields, with the typical target of taking as heavily as attainable the quest for continuities from non-human primate vocal and gestural communique platforms to human speech and language, in a multidisciplinary standpoint combining ethology, neuroscience, developmental psychology and linguistics, in addition to machine technological know-how and robotics. New information and theoretical gildings at the emergence of referential communique and language are debated right here via essentially the most inventive scientists on the earth
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Additional resources for Primate Communication and Human Language: Vocalisation, gestures, imitation and deixis in humans and non-humans
2008). Living links to human language Figure 8. Diana monkey responses to Campbell’s monkey eagle or leopard alarm calls in the presence or absence of preceding boom calls. Artificially adding boom calls prior to an alarm call sequence deletes the predator-specific meaning of these calls (adapted from Zuberbühler 2002, reprinted with permission) More detailed analyses have revealed that these monkeys possess the added capacity to combine calls into a specific combination, the pyow-hack unit.
A good example of the second principle, “reciprocity” (individuals differentiate “valid” from “non-valid” interlocutors), is given by female baboons that ignore grunts from unrelated conspecifics. However, if this individual has recently behaved aggressively towards the listener, the grunt acts to reconcile the two animals (Cheney et al. 1995). Similarly, males ignore distress calls from non-affiliative lactating females (Lemasson et al. 2008). When hearing a threat call, females take into account the social context to evaluate the intention of the caller and to adapt their behavioural response (Wittig et al.
Klaus Zuberbühler, Kate Arnold & Katie Slocombe Slocombe, K. E. & Zuberbühler, K. (2005a). Agonistic screams in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) vary as a function of social role. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 119, 67–77. Slocombe, K. E. & Zuberbühler, K. (2005b). Functionally referential communication in a chimpanzee. Current Biology, 15, 1779–1784. Slocombe, K. E. & Zuberbühler, K. (2006). Food-associated calls in chimpanzees: Responses to food types or food preferences?