Processual Archaeology (essays) by Lewis Binford

By Lewis Binford

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207 8. Perhaps the popularity of Schiffer's position with Cultural Resource Management archaeologists arises from its use as a basis for writing off most of the archaeological record as "insignificant," since it does not approach the idea of little prepackaged Pompeiis. This approach renders it impossible even to begin to see something of the organization of past cultural systems. 9. See, for example, Schiffer 1975 and Sullivan and Schiffer 1978. , 1961, Analogy in Archaeological Interpretation.

Another characteristic of cultures defined in terms of "cohesions as measured by continuity" is that features such as pits, house forms, and hearths are frequently not considered to be basic cultural diagnostics because, from a pragmatic perspective, it is recognized that these features are not regularly preserved at most sites, or in some cases, are too expensive to recover. In other words, traits which are frequent, not too generalized, and easily recovered from different places are given priority as the defining characteristics of cultures.

Pp. 43-52 in Settlement Archaeology (ed. C. Chang). Palo Alto: National Press Books. , 1962, Archaeology as Anthropology. American Antiquity 28:217-25. , 1964, A Consideration of Research Design. American Archaeological Antiquity 29:425-41. , 1968a, Archaeological Perspectives. Pp. 5-32 in New Perspectives in Archaeology (ed. R. R. Binford). Chicago: Aldine. , 1968b, Archaeological Theory and Method. Pp. 1-3 in New Perspectives in Archaeology (ed. R. R. Binford). Chicago: Aldine. , 1972, An Archaeological Perspective.

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