Pronouns and Clitics in Early Language by Pilar Larranaga

By Pilar Larranaga

Conventional grammars have acknowledged that clitics are topic or item pronouns whose distributional positive aspects cause them to diversified from own pronouns. This e-book makes a speciality of the purchase of private and demonstrative pronouns in addition to clitics with appreciate to determinative words in a number of languages of the Romance kin and several other indigenous languages, comparable to Quechua. A particularlyoriginal element of the current quantity is that it not just addresses syntactic matters, but additionally semantic and pragmatic questions which were commonly overlooked within the literature. It additionally reviews on acquisition information of languages, resembling Quechua, that have no longer attracted the eye of researchers till very lately.

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2001) and references therein. Collecting data and measuring competence 29 Dewale discusses this issue at length concluding that discourse segmentation is mainly done applying subjective criteria that may largely differ from the ones used by children. Utterance segmentation can only be done using a range of criteria such as prosodic, semantic and syntactic and rely very much upon the accuracy of the transcriber. Moreover, researchers are reluctant to state which segmentation criteria they used (see Thordardottir and Weismer 1998 for an exception).

C) This increase remains in all instances below the one point mark. d) The increase of this ratio is lower than the increase in MLU at all times. e) And, more importantly, the impact clitic per utterance does not affect MLU in any signi¿cant way at any time. Its impact does not increase; on the contrary, it decreases over time. In order to test whether the quotient clitics per utterance correlates with the MLU, we conducted a bivariate correlation analysis using Pearson and Spearman. For both Magín and Irene a high correlation between MLU and the quotient clitics per utterance signi¿cant at the 0,01 level can be reported.

A bivariate correlation analysis shows that MLU and the ratio clitics per utterance are signi¿cantly correlated at the 0,01 level (Irene’s mother rho of Collecting data and measuring competence 37 Spearman 0,417, variance 17,39%, Magín’s mother 0,619, variance 38,32%), whereas MLU and the ratio clitics per words are not. 6. Concluding discussion We set out this study with the idea of investigating two questions: a) What is the impact of the clitics on the ¿nal MLUw score in early Spanish? b) What is the impact of the input on clitic use score in early Spanish?

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