Race, Class, and the Politics of Decolonization: Jamaica by Clarke

By Clarke

This ebook deals a close photo of Jamaica earlier than and after independence. A 1961 magazine sheds gentle at the political and social context earlier than independence, whereas a 1968 magazine indicates how independence dissolved dissident forces and identifies the origins of Jamaica's present social gathering politics.

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Extra info for Race, Class, and the Politics of Decolonization: Jamaica Journals, 1961 and 1968

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4). I made my way back through China Town to the Parade. The gothic-style Coke Methodist Church on Church Street is one of the few red-brick buildings. Near it are the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union (BITU), the Telephone Company, and the Duke Street Synagogue. The town is old-fashioned and decayed. Some of the better houses downtown remind me of urban versions of plantocratic homes, but Wildman Street on the east side is a series of bars and brothels, and the houses are little better than sheds.

This was one of the most violent outbreaks in Jamaica’s post slavery history, and it dominated the news for more than a week. 31 Revd Henry was imprisoned for ten years in late 1960, and Ronald Henry was hanged in early 1961. The subsequent report on the Ras Tafari movement noted that, “whereas it had previously been an object of amused scorn, it was now regarded for the first time as a serious threat to the island’s security” (Smith, Augier, and Nettleford, 1960, 1). Smith, Augier, and Nettleford observed (1960, 25): The great majority of Ras Tafari brethren are peaceful citizens who do not believe in violence.

During the late 1960s “black is beautiful,” adopted from the United States, became a popular Jamaican slogan, reversing the “white bias” of the colonial period. Some of the younger black middle-class women employed in government departments now sported Afro-hairstyles, in contrast to the hair-straightening that had been almost universal among women in the bureaucracy in the early 1960s. Irrespective of the two successive victories won at general elections by the JLP, the alliance of the upper and middle classes held good at 24 R ACE, CL ASS, AND THE POLITICS the core of each of the two political parties, as the government dripfed jobs and houses to the JLP poor.

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