Scotland's Castles by C.J. Tabraham

By C.J. Tabraham

The authoritative and fascinating tale of Scotland's Castles from the twelfth to the sixteenth centuries, from strong castles royal to tall storeys and poky dwellings. regardless of their grand institutions, Scottish castles have been crucial to the lives of many Scots, of all social stations; castles have been their paintings position, their position of worship, their military barracks, their legislations court docket, their legal, their lodge, their position of leisure or even their position of execution. hence, writer Chris Tabraham enthusiastically covers the wealthy historical past of those structures, overlaying up to whatever the human point of the Scottish fortress. during this new version, absolutely revised and up-to-date with the newest box surveys, archaeological excavations and tree-ring relationship, the booklet covers: the actual nature of castles and their altering kinds; the folk who lived, labored, prayed and died in Scotland's castles; the army position of castles highly readable and richly illustrated, this publication is for all these attracted to Scotland's historical past.

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The automobile has made it possible to replace active participation in spontaneous local social activities with a drive to see selected friends and attractions. Abundant possibilities do exist for compensating for what has been lost. Precisely for this reason, the fact that there is still ­widespread critisism of the neglected public spaces is indeed thought provoking. Something is missing. protests That something is missing is illustrated emphatically by widespread popular protests against physical planning as it is practiced, evidenced in debates on city and residential environments and the organization of residents around demands for improvement of the physical environment.

A special group of professional planners assumed the work of building cities and developed theories and ideas about how cities ought to be. The city was no longer merely a tool but became to a greater degree a work of art, conceived, perceived, and executed as a whole. No longer were the areas between buildings and the ­functions to be contained in them the major points of interest, but rather the spatial effects, the buildings, and the artists who had shaped them took precedence. In this period it was primarily the appearance of the city and its buildings – the visual aspects – that were developed and ­transformed into criteria for good architecture and urban design.

In contrast with the medieval town, these ­dimensions are not determined primarily by use but by other, mostly formal considerations. ) or more than twice as large as the Campo in Siena. For this reason it is quite unusable as a town square in this little town. On the other hand, the city plan is an interesting graphic work that, like so many other Renaissance-inspired plans, bears witness to being created on the drawing board. The conscious awareness of the visual aspects of city planning during this period and the aesthetics formulated in this context decisively formed the basis for the architectural treatment of these problems in succeeding centuries.

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