Sound Source Localization (Springer Handbook of Auditory by Richard R. Fay

By Richard R. Fay

The localization of sound is a basic requirement for all auditory platforms and has stimulated a lot study. This complete quantity brings jointly subject matters from many specialties which were touched upon in different volumes of the Springer instruction manual of Auditory Research. Reviewing sound resource localization capacities and mechanisms in a number of organisms, this quantity presents a synthesis and replace at the subject that's either unique and well timed. The authors deal with sound resource localization in a comparative context with an emphasis on modeling and computational mechanisms.

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Extra info for Sound Source Localization (Springer Handbook of Auditory Research)

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Science 275:1805–1808. De Vries H (1948) Brownian movement and hearing. Physica 14:48–60. Doherty JA (1991) Sound recognition and localization in the phonotaxis behavior of the field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). J Comp Physiol 168:213– 222. Dooling RJ, Brown SD (1990) Speech perception by budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus): spoken vowels. Percept Psychophys 47:568–574. Edds-Walton PL, Fay RR, Highstein SM (1999) Dendritic arbors and central projections of auditory fibers from the saccule of the toadfish (Opsanus tau).

But is this assumption useful? Should we require that this type of behavioral experiment be done with fishes, even though it apparently hasn’t been required in the study of many other nonhuman animals? This chapter evaluates the empirical and theoretical literature on sound source localization in fishes and concludes with a call for further fundamental experimentats. The earliest experimenters failed to demonstrate sound source localization in the European minnow (Phoxinus laevis), and they went on to explain this failure in a convincing way (von Frisch and Dijkgraaf 1935).

R. Fay center of a tank and the direction of the tail flip was automatically recorded. In most cases, unconditioned fish flipped the tail consistent with a movement away from the source, while previously conditioned fish flipped the tail in the opposite direction with respect to the source location. Sound sources directly in front of and behind the animals elicited approximately equal numbers of tail flips in both directions. In the final experiment, the saccular and lagenar nerves were severed uni- or bilaterally.

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