State-centric to Contested Social Governance in Korea: by Hyuk-Rae Kim

By Hyuk-Rae Kim

In this interdisciplinary learn of governance, Hyuk-Rae Kim strains how civil society and NGOs have developed over the years, how they vary in motivation from their Western opposite numbers, and the function civil society NGOs have performed in consolidating democracy because the governance method in Korea adjustments from a state-centric to a contested one.

This booklet offers civil society's upward push in Korea via in-depth analyses of today's such a lot urgent matters, to be able to chart the moving position of a previously state-centric to a contested governance procedure in smooth Korea. With specific case experiences and coverage discussions, this ebook explores the function of NGOs in campaigning for political reform and the eradication of political corruption; the availability of public items and companies; not easy the government’s regulations on migration; tackling the problem of North Korean refugees and human rights; and the availability of nearby environmental governance. those case stories exhibit that the kingdom is not any longer the only real father or mother and supplier of public associations and items and underline the becoming position of civil society in Korea.

Both a learn of contested governance and an exploration of latest Korean society, this publication may be of approaching curiosity to scholars and students alike of Korean politics, East Asian politics, governance, and civil society.

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Sometimes, attempts at simple definitions are quickly rendered meaningless (Cernea 1988: 9). To add to the complexity and diversity, a variety of terms are utilized to refer to the various groups of 24 NGOs and INGOs civic organizations: grassroots organizations (GROs), private voluntary organizations (PVOs), civil voluntary organizations (CVOs), grassroots support organizations (GRSOs), community-based organizations (CBOs), and people’s organizations. Furthermore, the definition embraces not only domestic or indigenous organizations, but also the large number of international agencies such as INGOs and international organizations (IOs).

Devoid of empirical statistics, conclusively speaking, the functionality is in fact minimal. Statistically, we can see that inserting Asian values as variables into the equation carries little significance in increasing the R-square value in a statistical sense. And when there is such statistical insignificance, the inserted variables are deleted from the model. Therefore, inserting variables related to Asian values does not provide much practical functionality within empirical studies. Another tendency that appears in the social science literature pertaining to Asian values is that in cases where there is much unexplained variance, cultural factors are constructed as additional speculative models.

Prior to the Asian economic crisis in the late 1990s, Asian countries boasted unprecedented levels of economic growth. Consequently, scholars were asked to explain this unparalleled phenomenon. In response, those in social science circles presented characteristics germane to Asia, especially the developmental state model and the Confucian ethos, as explanatory factors. The developmental state model, in particular, explained Asian economic growth through 20 Introduction characteristics of the state such as its cohesive bureaucracy; capacity and strength; leadership role in economic management; and ability to minimize rentseeking behaviors and moral hazards of economic actors.

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