Strategies for Sustainable Tourism at the Mogao Grottoes of by Martha Demas, Neville Agnew, Jinshi Fan

By Martha Demas, Neville Agnew, Jinshi Fan

At the Mogao Grottoes, an international history website close to Dunhuang urban in Gansu Province, customer numbers have elevated inexorably seeing that 1979 whilst the positioning opened. a countrywide coverage that identifies tourism as a pillar undefined, besides strain from neighborhood professionals and companies to motivate extra tourism, threatens to steer to an unsustainable scenario for administration, an hazardous and uncomfortable event for viewers and irreparable harm to the delicate artwork of the cave temples for which the location is legendary. within the context of the great customer administration plan constructed for the Mogao Grottoes, a multi-year research started in 2001 as a joint project of the Dunhuang Academy and the Getty Conservation Institute to figure out the influence of visitation at the painted caves and advance suggestions for sustainable visitation such that, as soon as carried out, those threats will be resolved. The methodological framework featured a massive examine and evaluation part that integrates customer stories; laboratory investigations; environmental tracking; box checking out and situation review to deal with the problems affecting the grottoes and viewers. effects from this part resulted in defining restricting stipulations, which have been the root for constructing a customer capability coverage for the grottoes and constructing long term tracking and administration tools.

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Extra resources for Strategies for Sustainable Tourism at the Mogao Grottoes of Dunhuang, China

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Archaeological Heritage Management). New York: Springer. Sofield, Trevor, and Sarah Li. 2011. Tourism governance and sustainable national development in China: a macro-level synthesis. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 19: 501–534. Sullivan, Sharon. 1997. A planning model for the management of archaeological sites. In The conservation of archaeological sites in the Mediterranean Region (Proceedings of an international conference organized by the Getty Conservation Institute and the J. Paul Getty Museum, May 1995), ed.

1). Flood control was addressed initially in the 1980s, followed by improvements in 2001 and is now being further improved following the 36 3 The Mogao Grottoes Fig. 7 Wind blown sand from the cliff top resulted in accumulation in the Grotto Zone and in the caves, requiring daily cleaning until the sand control measures were implemented beginning in the late 1980s 2012 flood, see Fig. 17. In the master plan assessment of priorities, conservation and protection of the wall paintings were identified as the highest priority.

It was already nearly 500 years old when, out of India, Buddhism entered along the Silk Road oases into China proper and beyond. The earliest caves at Mogao were excavated in the cliff face in the fourth century. Subsequently, artisans continued to construct grottoes at Mogao (Mogaoku in Chinese, literally meaning “peerless caves”) and at smaller grotto sites in the Dunhuang region over a period of a 1,000 years. 6 km of cliff face at the site (Fig. 1); 492 of these are decorated caves. The undecorated caves at the northern end of the cliff face were used as habitation and meditation caves (Fig.

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