Sustainable Buildings and Structures: Proceedings of the 1st by Jun Xia

By Jun Xia

Sustainable structures and Structures collects the contributions provided on the 1st foreign convention on Sustainable constructions and buildings (Suzhou, China, 29 October-1 November 2016). The e-book goals to proportion concepts and ideas on sustainable ways to city making plans, engineering layout and development. the subjects mentioned include:

- Civil engineering
- Structural techniques, together with new materials
- New applied sciences and new techniques
- eco-friendly development and carbon impartial techniques to layout and construction
- Sustainability, city making plans and improvement.

Sustainable structures and Structures should be of curiosity to lecturers, pros, representatives and native govt officers serious about structural engineering, city making plans, engineering layout, and different comparable fields.

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Extra resources for Sustainable Buildings and Structures: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Sustainable Buildings and Structures

Sample text

Through societal changes and priorities that are implied in the concept of the sustainable city we can increase happiness and well-being without more and more affluence. The next challenge is the term T for Technology. Technology means how we gather and transform resources. As argued earlier many of our technologies are very inefficient. But for a sustainable city a major goal is to reduce resource consumption through such methods as embedding renewable energy capacity in buildings, reuse and recycling, closed loop industrial process and clean production methods.

Concrete usually performs well under compression. Nevertheless, there are some typical weaknesses. For example, concrete is usually very brittle in tension under low confining pressure (Arnon, 2007). Therefore, Fibre-Reinforced Concrete (FRC) which contains fibre reinforcing material is utilised to increase the structural integrity. Although Sprayed Fibre-Reinforced Concrete (SFRC) makes a great progress in improving the strength and durability of concrete (CHANH 2011), there is another shortcoming of almost all types of concrete materials, which is that they experience micro-cracks before they can be observed by human eyes directly, and it is always too late to discover the observable cracks.

Thus, when load was applied, cracks grew on the original cracks. 2 kN. Table 4 shows the energy released per hits. There is no significant difference between the tests. This proves the reliability of the tests. Although test 2 has more hits and energy released, the average crack event size in beam test 2 almost equals that in beam tests 1 and 3. indb 34 9/4/2015 8:25:37 AM step before. Once the FRC beam cracked, the crack noise can be heard. The AE output graph clearly shows the crack location along the beam (the x-direction).

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