Swearing in English (Routledge Advances in Corpus by Tony McEnery
By Tony McEnery
Swearing is a daily a part of the language of so much audio system of contemporary English. This corpus knowledgeable account of swearing describes swearing and its social functionality, with a specific specialise in the connection among swearing and abuse.
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Extra resources for Swearing in English (Routledge Advances in Corpus Linguistics)
9 explore these questions. 9, for both sexes there is some degree of differentiation of the use of BLWs for targets of different sexes with, for example, the words cow, bitch, bloody, fucking, slag, tart, tit, tits and whore showing a pronounced bias for being directed at females by females and god, bastard, gay, christ, git and cunt being words which, when used by females, show a pronounced bias towards being directed at males. The words themselves seem to display some evidence of being directed quite differently by males and females.
2 was used by Phillips to demonstrate this property of collocational networks with reference to the word point). 3 The network around swearers in the SRMC. Semantic prosody A further thing that I argue a collocational network may help to show is the semantic prosody of a particular word. ’ The meaning arising from the interaction between a given node word and its collocates is referred to as semantic prosody, ‘a form of meaning which is established through the proximity of a consistent series of collocates’ (Louw 2000:57).
G. g. cow). g. gay). g. bloody tends to be targeted at females by females, bastard tends to be directed at males by males). Given that there are at least three types of words where some degree of gender exclusivity in direction applies, an obvious question one should ask is whether there is anything that typifies the words targeted at either gender. 10 BLWs directed solely at males and females ranked by frequency of usage Female-only direction slag (12), bird (10), tart (10), tits (9), whore (8), tit (7), birds (3), hussy (3), whores (3), bitches (2), slagged (2), tarty (2) Male-only direction gay (19), christ (17), wanker (16), prick (7), pillock (4), poofter (4), fucker (3), moron (3), pissing (3), pissy (2) Given that speaker sex is an important variable for two of these sets of words, and that sex is an important variable in dictating the direction of the words, gender seems, once more, an interesting variable to explore.