Tanganyika Under German Rule 1905–1912 by John Iliffe

By John Iliffe

The historical past of Tanganyika from the Maji Maji uprising of 1905 (the maximum African uprising opposed to early eu rule) to the final years of German management. It examines a colonial state of affairs intensive, starting from the techniques of switch in African societies to the choices of policy-makers in Berlin. within the aftermath of uprising an innovative Governor, Freiherr von rechenberg, initiated a programme of African cash-crop agriculture. This programme used to be reversed via a settler group which effectively manipulated the German political method. in the meantime, after their defeat in armed uprising, Africans sought strength via academic and monetary development. Tanganyika in 1912 used to be poised for that fight for keep an eye on among ecu settler and trained African which has been a primary topic of the fashionable historical past of East and important Africa. Dr Illiffe's ebook is among the few on hand experiences of German colonial management. He has drawn on a variety of resources, either in East Africa and Germany. Written within the gentle of present reappraisal of African historical past, the ebook offers priceless perception into African projects in the course of the early years of eu rule.

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1885, printed in Eugen Kade, Die Anfdnge der deutschen Kolonial-Zentralverwaltung (Wiirzburg-Anmuhle, 1939), P- 161. 5 By this legislation, the Reichstag ensured that executive authority over Europeans in the colonies would be subject to the law as in Germany, and also obtained a formal right—not beyond constitutional debate—to question the Chancellor in general terms on colonial affairs. The Reichstag did not, however, acquire any control of executive authority over those legally natives. Its participation in colonial affairs would therefore have been small, but for a simultaneous controversy over the financing of colonial administration.

5 The political situation had been transformed. The Progressives' anti-colonial leader, Eugen Richter, had died during March. Freed from his control, the Progressives had supported the proposed Colonial Office, which the Zentrum had opposed. For the Progressives, tired of opposition, this was a significant move to the right. Biilow rejected an immediate election, largely for reasons of foreign policy, but decided to encourage the Progressives further. For this he sought to replace Hohenlohe by a Colonial Director whom the Progressives would approve.

When these failed, his successors tried to finance administration by raising loans. 3 Each protectorate received a legal and financial personality and the right to hold property, with liability limited to the protectorate itself. More important, however, was the provision that all income and expenditure in the colonies, and all loans raised for colonial purposes, must pass through the regular legislative and accounting procedures of the Reichstag. This was the chief structural difference between German and British colonial administration, for the House of Commons effectively controlled only grants-in-aid, whereas in Germany the local budget of the colony, and all its local taxation, were subject to detailed Reichstag debate and audit.

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