Targeting Immigrants: Government, Technology, and Ethics by Jonathan Xavier Inda

By Jonathan Xavier Inda

This e-book is worried with the govt. of “illegal” immigration because the passage of the U.S. Immigration Act of 1965, exploring how yes mentalities and highbrow machineries have rendered unlawful immigrants as ambitions of presidency. Examines how numerous specialists have created wisdom approximately and developed “illegal” immigration as a moral challenge. Analyzes the strategies which were deployed to manipulate immigration, relatively on the US-Mexico border. utilizing an ethnographic procedure, attracts on fundamental resource fabrics – together with govt guides, archival records, newspapers, and well known magazines. experiences measures (e.g. Operation Gatekeeper and Operation Hold-the-Line) for reforming the behavior of “illegal” immigrants with a purpose to avert illicit border crossings. Frames the learn of immigration inside of Foucauldian theories of governmentality. Highlights the position of numbers and statistics in developing the “illegal” immigrant.

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Making Ethical Subjects 35 The expectation is thus that individuals, as ethical subjects, should build the appraisal of health risks into their life planning. 2 One such measure, among the more important ones, is the pursuit of fitness: “Fitness is widely promoted as an opportunity to avert several of the risks to selfhood present in modern society; it is a way to protect oneself from characteristic ills of modern culture such as drug abuse, depression, eating disorders, and cardiovascular disease” (Petersen 1996: 52–3).

Some of these techniques – what were earlier called technologies of citizenship – attempt to activate the self-governing aptitudes of these troublesome individuals and stimulate them to take active care of their selves. I will explore practices of this kind as manifested in contemporary projects of welfare reform. Other tactics – what I earlier dubbed anti-citizenship technologies – judge the ethical betterment of difficult subjects unlikely and thus concentrate on containing and incapacitating them.

They produced an underclass of dependent subjects bereft of moral character, lacking dignity and autonomy, and unwilling or unable to be self-sufficient and take responsibility for their own care. The archetype of this new class was the welfare mother (also known more derogatorily as the welfare queen), imagined as a licentious young, black, single, inner-city woman prone to bearing babies she could not support (Fraser 1993: 13). Given the general consensus that welfare programs had failed the poor, especially black single mothers, political authorities devised numerous schemes to reform the welfare system.

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