The Archaeology of Medieval Bookbinding by J.A. Szirmai

By J.A. Szirmai

Long ago, stories of the background of bookbinding have been as a rule fascinated with the outside ornament. This e-book focuses recognition totally on the actual elements of the binding and its building ideas. it really is an elevated model of a chain of lectures brought by way of the writer whereas traveling Professor on the collage of Amsterdam in 1987, supplemented with the result of ten years of extensive learn in significant libraries at the Continent, the uk and the us. It surveys the evolution of binding constructions from the advent of the codex thousand years in the past to the shut of the center a long time. half I studies the scanty actual proof from the Mediterranean background, the early Coptic, Islamic and Ethiopian binding constructions and their interrelation with these of the Byzantine realm. half II is dedicated to a close research of Western binding recommendations, distinguishing the carolingian, romanesque and gothic wooden-board bindings because the major typological entities; their constitution and serve as is in comparison with these of latest limp bindings. The ebook is illustrated with over two hundred drawings and pictures and incorporates a accomplished bibliography.

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Another kind of appendage in the form of leather tabs centred at the front edge of the u p p e r cover is described by Petersen (1948 p . 92) for P M L M 588 and is suggested to have served as a means of lifting the cover. Vestiges of leather ends apparently giving evidence of such tabs have been recorded on the inner face of the u p p e r covers of about a dozen of the Hamuli codices. Page markers of leather were also found on several of the H a m u l i codices (Petersen 1948 p . 94). NOTES 1.

9. T h e other type of fastening consists of a peg fixed to the edge of the lower cover and a kind of strap made of a couple of slit-braid strands attached to the upper cover (for terminology of leather braiding see G r a n t 1972). Usually one or two such fastenings are at the head and tail, with three at the front edge. About 20 of the H a m u l i codices have preserved one or more pegs a n d show vestiges of slit-braid strands. 9 C o n s t r u c t i o n of a toggle from a strip of leather. 10 Peg and strap fastening: [a], sketch of a loose b o n e peg ( P M L M 5 7 7 , A D 8 9 5 , 3 2 8 X 257 m m ) ; fb], peg secured with a rivet in the cover edge ( P M L M 5 9 7 , A D 9 1 4 , 350 x 2 6 8 m m ) ; [c] and [d], a slit b r a i d m a d e from two strips of leather; fe], a slit braid m a d e from a single strip of leather, in which case the grain and flesh surface alternate; [f], a bipartite slit braid o n ' a metal ring to h o o k a r o u n d the peg.

Petersen (1948 p. 7[b]). H e found on the corners of the boards stumps of two heavy cords ( 2 . 5 mm thick) which had been sewed down tightly and which probably, before they were broken, extended across the back to serve as guides and supports for platting of the headbands. Such cords, used as a base for the headbanding were known also to early Syrian and Greek binders, and the threads used by them for the tying-down and platting of the headbands were frequently red and green. 7 T w o types of e n d b a n d s on the H a m u l i codices; [a], two-step link-stitch e n d b a n d , a n c h o r e d in the board and tied d o w n through the cloth lining (from Petersen 1954 fig.

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