The Benedictines in the Middle Ages by James G. Clark

By James G. Clark

The lads and girls that the sixth-century customs of Benedict of Nursia (c.480-c.547) shaped the main enduring, influential, a number of and common non secular order of the Latin center a long time. Their liturgical perform, and their obtained style for studying, served as a version for the medieval church as a complete: whereas new orders arose, they took a few of their customs, and their observant and religious outlook, from the Regula Benedicti. The Benedictines can also be counted one of the founders of medieval Europe. in lots of areas of the continent they created, or consolidated, the 1st Christian groups; additionally they directed the advance in their social supplier, economic climate, and atmosphere, and exerted a robust impact on their rising cultural and highbrow trends.
This booklet, the 1st comparative examine of its variety, follows the Benedictine Order over 11 centuries, from their early diaspora to the problem of continental reformation.

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W.  79–80 at 80: ‘… in quo monasterio diversi generis monachos undique congregavit’.  W.  21.  C.  66. indb 30 25/05/2011 11:32 The Making of a European Order by the mid-ninth century – the death of the emperor Louis – was also the result of patterns of conversion, settlement, patronage and political hegemony that were independent of the Frankish kingdom. Moreover, if the Carolingian reform marked a watershed in the development of Europe’s monasteries, for generations afterwards it remained vulnerable to a sudden reversal.

23–4. 100 The RB captured the imagination of early medieval Europe not because it offered an alternative form of religious life but, on the contrary, because it could be readily assimilated into existing monastic practice. A regula mixta in which the RB was an important ingredient appears to have been formulated first in the Columbanian heartlands of Bobbio and Luxeuil. 101 The status of the RB rose slowly in the wider Columbanian network. References to the rule in foundation charters dated before 650 are scarce and generally suspect.

Willibrord (657/8–739), who had first made his profession at Ripon under Wilfrid, was one of cohort of Celtic and English monks inspired to conduct missions among the Frisians by Egbert, a Northumbrian divine settled at the Irish monastery of Rathmelsigi (perhaps located in Co.  52–3. Stephen represents Wilfrid as providing the foundation on which Willibrord built (superaedificavit).  315. 129 The Prose Works of Aldhelm, ed. M. Lapidge and M.  143, 150–1, 155–60, Letter IV (to Geraint), Letter XII (to the abbots of Wilfrid).

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