The Borders of Punishment: Migration, Citizenship, and by Katja Franko Aas, Mary Bosworth
By Katja Franko Aas, Mary Bosworth
The Borders of Punishment: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Exclusion seriously assesses the connection among immigration regulate, citizenship, and legal justice. It displays at the theoretical and methodological demanding situations posed by way of mass mobility and its regulate and for the 1st time, units out a selected sub-field inside criminology, the criminology of mobility. Drawing jointly prime overseas students with more moderen researchers, the booklet systematically outlines why criminology and felony justice should still pay extra cognizance to problems with immigration and border control.
Contributors contemplate how 'traditional' felony justice associations similar to the felony legislation, police, and prisons are being formed and adjusted through immigration, in addition to interpreting novel kinds of penalty (such as deportation and detention facilities), that have in the past seldom featured in criminological reviews and textbooks. In so doing, the booklet demonstrates that mobility and its keep an eye on are issues that should be important to any figuring out of the felony justice procedure. Phenomena corresponding to the debatable use of immigration legislations for the needs of the battle on terror, closed detention facilities, deportation, and border policing, bring up in new methods a number of the basic and enduring questions of felony justice and criminology: what's punishment? what's crime? What might be the normative and felony origin for criminalization, for police suspicion, for the exclusion from the group, and for the deprivation of freedom? And who's the topic of rights inside a society and what's the relevance of citizenship to felony justice?
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Extra resources for The Borders of Punishment: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Exclusion
26 The Ordered and the Bordered Society the sovereign power is marked by the ‘production of bare life’ and by the ability to expel life from the sphere of legal protection. Rather than multiplying its productivity, banoptic power creates the conditions of precariousness of life, evident in the withdrawal of health care services (Johansen, Chapter 14 in this volume) and in the harrowing numbers of border deaths (Weber and Pickering 2011). What is of further interest at this point is that the act of expelling is directed towards another geographic locality.
Extra-territorial border controls and the outsourcing of asylum are, according to Gammeltoft-Hansen (2011), an example of doing ‘politics through law’, where governments strategically seek to shift or deconstruct legal responsibilities otherwise owed by reference to law itself. One of the main arguments of this chapter is that the objectives of migration control are formative of novel contours of criminalization, punitiveness, and the state—the Northern penal state—which is crucially deﬁned by its geopolitical position.
Evidently, geopolitics matters, in migration control, as well as in crime control. Although the state is usually the main agent of criminalization, it is important to acknowledge that states are not the same and that their interests depend on their geopolitical position. Some states are more sovereign than others (Dauvergne 2008: 172). Several historic and contemporary accounts of the internationalization of crime control have pointed out that what is illegal, and how it is policed, often depends on the political interests of certain states, most notably the United States and Western Europe (Andreas and Nadelmann 2006).