The central nervous system : structure and function by Per Brodal

By Per Brodal

This clinically orientated textbook on anxious process constitution and serve as bargains clinical scholars a valid foundation for medical pondering. It presents transparent, concise descriptions of mind buildings and their practical homes, incorporating facts from molecular biology, scientific neurology and psychobioloby.
completely revised and up-to-date, the second one variation is going extra than the 1st in integrating fabric from all fields of neuroscience and in discussing brain-behavior relationships. There are new chapters: one on improvement, getting older and plasticity of the apprehensive approach, the opposite at the basic beneficial properties of sensory receptors. New fabric covers cortical processing and its imaging, realization and sleep, cognitive capabilities of the cerebellum, the practical association of the basal forebrain, ache, scientific disturbances of the somatosensory process, colour imaginative and prescient, and cerebral lateralization. furthermore, the textual content has been reorganized to enhance its readability in the chapters at the hypothalamus, the peripheral autonomic fearful approach, and the cerebral cortex. approximately 30 new illustrations were incorporated, and the book's layout has been redesigned.

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C. Danbolt, Department of Anatomy, University of Oslo. impulse conduction. This contributes to the much higher conduction velocity in myelinated axons than in unmyelinated axons (this is further discussed in Chapter 2 under "Impulse Conduction in Axons"). The thickest myelinated axons conduct at about 120 m/sec. The myelin sheath consists almost exclusively of numerous layers of cell membrane, as evident from electron micrographs (Figs. 31). The layers, or lamellae, are formed when a glial cell wraps itself around the axon (Fig.

1). For peripheral parts of the nervous system, the situation is different. Often located superficially, the peripheral bundles of axons and groups of nerve cells are exposed to various mechanical stresses. They are also subject to considerable stretching by movements of the body. Axons can be stretched only slightly before their impulse conduction suffers, and they may even break. To prevent this, peripheral nerves contain large amounts of dense connective tissue with numerous collagen fibers arranged largely longitudinally (Fig.

24 The cytoskeleton in neurons. Drawing of neurons from the cerebral cortex, as appearing in sections stained with heavy metals to visualize neurofibrils. Both dendrites and axons (a) contain numerous neurofibrils. From Cajal 1952. The cell bodies and processes of neurons contain thin threads, neurofibrils, that can be observed in specially stained microscopic sections (Fig. 24). The neurofibrils are of different kinds, but together they form the cytoskeleton—the name refers to its importance for development and maintenance of neuronal shape.

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