The Economy of Bangladesh: A Quarter Century of Development by Azizur Rahman Khan

By Azizur Rahman Khan

Within the zone century due to the fact that its emergence from army rule and integration into the worldwide economic system, Bangladesh's financial system has completed excessive progress, lowered reduction dependence and made impressive development in social symptoms whereas while it keeps to be afflicted by expanding inequality. This e-book analyses those successes and screw ups.

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The rate of interest at which credit is available to industry and trade is approximately twice the inflation rate. In other words, the real rate of interest is about 7 percent or more. For small business, subject to numerous additional levies and hidden costs, the real interest rate is higher. The high real rate of interest is one major obstacle to incentive for investment. Whether a more efficient system of banking, free of the predatory extraction, would have made lending possible at lower rates of interest is a question deserving careful research.

Nett capital inflow leads to one or more of the following possible outcomes: (a) a larger import surplus than would otherwise be feasible, the classic method of foreign aid absorption, by making either higher imports or lower exports possible; (b) an increase in foreign exchange reserves; and (c) private capital outflows. 1. 2 titled “Errors and omissions”. One would quite reasonably wonder if this might conceal a good deal of capital outflow. Balance of payments leakage has been widely identified as a method of illicit financial flow.

This rapid increase in the rates of saving and investment appears to indicate Bangladesh’s success in macroeconomic performance and, prima facie, the increase in the investment rate would appear to be the main factor behind the acceleration in the growth rate. As already noted, these facts sharply contrast with the ones that were prevalent as recently as the turn of the century. 1 from the official sources reveal a very different trend since the beginning of the 1990s. Investment and saving rates have indeed been increasing since the beginning of the 1990s.

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