The Judean Pillar-Figurines and the Archaeology of Asherah by Raz Kletter
By Raz Kletter
(BAR S636, 1996)
Read or Download The Judean Pillar-Figurines and the Archaeology of Asherah (British Archaeological Reports (BAR) International) PDF
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Additional info for The Judean Pillar-Figurines and the Archaeology of Asherah (British Archaeological Reports (BAR) International)
Female Figurines (other than JPFs) Outside Judah, female figurines are common (appendixes 45), but these had, of course, no physical contact with the JPFs. Most of the plaque figurines (app. Y) are earlier than the JPFs. A few plaque figurines are contemporaneous, but very rarely found in Judah. Other than JPFs, there are not many female figurines in Iron Age II Judah (app. 6), even if we include heads and bodies whose sex in not very clear. IS I have found no meaningful connections between these other figurines and the JPFs.
This is a very preliminary registration, limiting the ability to draw conclusions. 103 JPFs were registered as having been found with daily pottery vessels, but as noted earlier, this does not contribute much to our understanding. Sometimes, JPFs were found together with Imlk seal impressions (app. 2: 23, 87, 89, 168, 169, 484-486); with jewelery (app. 2: 7); with weapons (app. 2: 10, 13, 303, 305, 308) and with inscribed weights (app. 2: 142, 169, 225). Most of these "groups" are from mass loci and not really indicative.
At least 3 JPFs fragments were found in the glacis outside the city walls. They were probably thrown outside the walls, or transferred inside fills that were used to repair the fortifications (app. 2:246, 248, 449). ). Other fragments were perhaps related to caves (app. 2:167, 143). One fragment was found near a cemetery, but perhaps it was thrown above the city wall and rolled down the slope (app. 2:24). The fragments from area 500 at Lachish, mentioned above, could also belong to nearby cemeteries (app.