The Kingdom of the Hittites by Trevor Bryce

By Trevor Bryce

Within the 14th century BC the Hittites grew to become the ideal political and army strength within the close to East. How did they in achieving their supremacy? How winning have been they in retaining it? What led to their cave in and disappearance? This entire heritage of the Hittite state seeks to respond to those questions. It takes account of vital contemporary advances in Hittite scholarship, together with a few significant archaeological discoveries made within the previous couple of years. It additionally positive factors a number of translations from the unique texts, in order that on many matters the traditional Hittites are given the chance to talk to the trendy reader for themselves. The revised variation incorporates a significant volume of recent fabric, in addition to a number of different revisions to the 1st version.

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This need not indicate continuing political supremacy by a particular ethnic group. Rather it reflects the retention of an important dynastic tradition. As a result of marriage alliances, adoptions, and coups, several ethnic elements—Hattic, Luwian, and Hurrian amongst them—were intermingled in the small number of families which provided the occupants of the Hittite throne. 43 But once they were admitted to the ranks of royalty, all members conformed with and perpetuated its established traditions, which included the use of Nesite as the chief official language of the court.

Compared with the previous textile which you sent me, process 1 mina of wool extra (in) each (piece), but keep them thin! ). e. ’ (TCu 3/1, 17, 1–22, trans. 45 This was obviously what attracted the Assyrian merchants, who brought their tin and textiles to Anatolia to trade them for Anatolian metals, especially silver and gold. 46 A loan and credit system operated widely throughout the communities of eastern Anatolia during the colony period. 47 There were a number of occasions when debtors were unable to repay the original loan at harvest time, particularly after a bad year, or even meet the interest repayments.

They will give (back) the silver and the grain at harvest time. They themselves will haul (the grain) to (the village) Hailawakuwa. They will measure out the grain with the (measuring) pot of Peruwa. The silver and the grain are bound to their joint guarantee, (and) that of their family. 50 If the king cancels the obligation to pay debt, you will pay me my grain. (kt d/k 48b 5–24, trans. Balkan (1974: 35))51 The Organization of the Merchant Enterprises52 EVective exploitation of the mutually beneWcial trade links between Assyria and Anatolia obviously required organization on a large and complex scale.

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