The Nature of Rules, Regularities and Units in Language by Rolf Kreyer

By Rolf Kreyer

Finished networks of language utilize buildings that transcend the elemental associative connections that may be present in the mind. the current research is an try to supply an account of language that restricts itself to buildings of a neurophysiological style, i.e. uncomplicated nodes, excitatory and inhibitory connections.

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Extra resources for The Nature of Rules, Regularities and Units in Language

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Representation of the input. […] we would expect these to correspond to the grammatical categories that describe the German nouns presented to the network” (MacWhinney et al. 1989: 263). How does this network ‘learn’ to assign the correct form of the definite article to a given noun? The choice of the German article depends on three parameters, namely the gender, the number and the case of the noun form. e. it does not know that the German noun form Junge (boy) is nominative singular and has masculine gender.

20). As we have seen in the previous discussion, an active node will spread activation to all the nodes to which it is connected. As soon as the human starts to ‘think’ PAUL the relevant node will be activated and activation will spread to both the nodes |Agent| and |Patient|. How does the network ‘decide’ where the activation has to go? 20: The mapping of semantic roles to concepts for the two sentences John hit Paul and Paul hit John. A network model | 39 to account for this process on the basis of very simple network that restricts itself to mechanisms that we know are at work in the brain.

The binary nature of the threshold notwithstanding, the same node can send out pulses of activation with different frequencies. This will usually depend on the amount of activation that a node receives from incoming links. e. “the danger that too many nodes in the network are overactive at the same time” (Berg and Schade 1992: 405). Secondly, connections between nodes may be excitatory and inhibitory. That is, activation spreading through an excitatory connection will add to the activation level of the target node, while inhibitory connections will diminish the activation level.

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