The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (Theory and by Jean-François Lyotard
By Jean-François Lyotard
Many definitions of postmodernism concentrate on its nature because the aftermath of the fashionable commercial age whilst know-how built. This ebook extends that evaluation to postmodernism via taking a look at the prestige of technological know-how, know-how, and the humanities, the importance of technocracy, and how the stream of knowledge is managed within the Western global.
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Additional info for The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (Theory and History of Literature, Volume 10)
It is not a competence relative to a particular class of statements (for example, cognitive ones) to the exclusion of all others. On the contrary, it makes "good" performances in relation to a variety of objects of discourse possible: objects to be known, decided on, evaluated, transformed. . From this derives one of the principal features of knowledge: it coincides with an extensive array THE POSTMODERN CONDITION Q 19 of competence-building measures and is the only form embodied in a subject constituted by the various areas of competence composing it.
79 But it gives insight into what is a generally recognized property of traditional knowledge. 80 The knowledge transmitted by these narrations is in no way limited to the functions of enunciation; it determines in a single stroke what one must say in order to be heard, what one must listen to in order to speak, and what role one must play (on the scene of diegetic reality) to be the object of a narrative. Thusthespeechacts81relevanttothisformofknowledgeareperformed not only by the speaker, but also by the listener, as well as by the third party referred to.
The idea that society forms an organic whole, in the absence of which it ceases to be a society (and sociology ceases to have an object of study), dominated the minds of the founders of the French school. Added detail was supplied by functionalism; it took yet another turn in the 1950s with Parsons's conception of society as a self-regulating system. The theoretical and even material model is no longer the living organism; it is provided by cybernetics, which, during and after the Second World War, expanded the model's applications.