Routledge companion to decolonization by Dietmar Rothermund

By Dietmar Rothermund

The decolonization of the ecu colonies in Africa and Asia was once maybe an important ancient strategy of the 20 th century. inside under 20 years from 1947 to the mid-1960s numerous colonial empires disappeared and ratings of recent countries grew to become self reliant. Altogether it had taken greater than 3 centuries to extend and consolidate those empires, but it took below 20 years for colonialism to develop into an anachronism.
This crucial spouse to the method of decolonization comprises thematic chapters in addition to an in depth chronology, a radical word list, biographies of key figures, feedback for extra analyzing, maps and a consultant to resources. analyzing decolonization in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Pacific this consultant explores:
DT the worldwide context for decolonization
DT Nationalism and the increase of resistance movements
DT Resistance via white settlers to strikes in the direction of independence
DT Hong Kong and Macau and decolonization within the overdue twentieth century
DT Debates surrounding neo-colonialism, and the increase of "development" initiatives and aid
DT The legacy of colonialism in legislation, schooling, management and the military
An helpful source for a person drawn to of the colonial and post-colonial eras, this quantity is an vital consultant to the reshaping of the realm within the twentieth century.

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Great Britain was practically bankrupt at the end of the war and depended on the credit of the USA and of some of its own colonies, which had turned from debtors into creditors as India had done during the war. France and the Netherlands had, as a result of Nazi occupation, practically ceased to exist during the course of the war and had to restore their sovereignty both at home and in their colonies. The French and the Dutch governments conceived of these tasks as interrelated. The French Union whose constitution was introduced in 1946 encompassed France as well as its ‘overseas territories’; the Dutch envisioned a Union headed by the Queen of the Netherlands and including the colonies.

The British economist Joan Robinson coined the term ‘beggar thy neighbour’ for the economic nationalism that prevailed in this period. Each sovereign state tried to improve its position at the cost of others. 4 The focus of colonial rule was narrowed to the interest of the creditor in controlling the debtor. The access to colonies as suppliers of raw materials was no longer of importance as the Great Depression had led to such a steep fall in the prices of raw materials that anybody could buy them cheaply in the world market.

This system has been maintained by the post-independence state. But there are instances of peasant resistance movements. Such instances are of special interest to Mamdani and he has done field work in areas where such movements are in evidence. His approach may provide new insights into the process of crossing the threshold of decolonization. 32 The categories of this line of historiography are derived from the work of Antonio Gramsci who has certainly much to offer to historians of decolonization.

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