The Routledge Companion to Modern European History since by Chris Cook
By Chris Cook
The Routledge spouse to trendy eu heritage when you consider that 1763 is a compact and hugely available paintings of reference masking the large sweep of occasions from the final days of the traditional regime to the finishing of the chilly struggle, and from the reshaping of japanese Europe to the unconventional growth of the ecu Union in 2004.
Within the vast insurance of this remarkable quantity, specific cognizance is given to topics such as:
- the period of the Enlightened Despots
- the innovative and Napoleonic period in France, and the revolutions of 1848
- nationalism and imperialism, and the retreat from Empire
- the First global struggle, the increase of the eu dictators, the arrival of the second one international conflict, the Holocaust, and the post-war improvement of Europe
- the chilly battle, the Soviet Union and its holiday up
- the protest and upheavals of the Sixties, in addition to social matters equivalent to the increase of the welfare country, and the altering position of girls in society through the period.
With a completely finished thesaurus, a biographical part, an intensive bibliography and informative maps, this quantity is the integral better half for all those that research smooth eu history.
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Extra resources for The Routledge Companion to Modern European History since 1763
Decree of the Law of Suspects orders the arrest of all those who have shown themselves to be enemies of liberty. ) The first day of Year II. ) The Committee of Public Safety survives attack in the Convention. ) A new law on the general Maximum in restraint of prices and wages. ) Brissot and 44 other Deputies are impeached. ). ) Lyons recaptured by Convention forces. ) ‘Revolutionary Government’ decreed (sanctioned for the duration of the war). ) Battle of Wattignies, Austria defeated and Maubeuge relieved.
The National Assembly moves into the Manége. ) Church property confiscated and the state makes provision for the clergy. ) The first issue of assignats—government notes backed by public lands, the value of which is not to be exceeded by the issue of notes. ) Decrees passed to reorganize local government. ) Local administration reorganized; 83 new Departments and 374 Cantons created. ) The removal of civic disabilities for Jews. ) The suppression of religious orders except for those involved in teaching or charitable work.
The Polish government was in exile until the end of the war. Prime ministers of the government-in-exile General Wladyslaw Sikorski 1939–43 Stanislaw Mikolajczyk 1943–45 In July 1945 a Provisional Government of National Unity was set up, composed of the London government-in-exile and the Russian-backed Committee of National Liberation. Its task was to run Poland until free elections could take place. The elections were held in 1947, resulting in an overwhelming victory for the Communist-Socialist candidates.