The Scientific Renaissance: 1450-1630 (The Rise of Modern by Marie Boas
By Marie Boas
Stimulating, illuminating, and thoughtfully offered, this learn explores the early levels of the clinical revolution. A famous historian of technological know-how examines the Copernican revolution, the anatomical paintings of Vesalius, the paintings of Paracelsus, Harvey's discovery of the circulatory system, the results of Galileo's telescopic discoveries, and lots more and plenty extra.
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Additional info for The Scientific Renaissance: 1450-1630 (The Rise of Modern Science)
Preoccupied as they were with the problems inherent in 34 SCIENCE AND NAVIGATION make learning to accurate land maps, the cartographers of the had no time to spare to inquire what use these could be to sailors indeed, it was all they could do to record the fifteenth century ; new discoveries the voyages of exploration were producing. The RIGHT FIG. I. ARM IEFT THE SAILOR S ARM GUIDE TO CELESTIAL DIRECTION When the Guards pointed to " ten o'clock " fifteenth-century sailors said they pointed to o'clock " was sailors " " two hours beneath the head ", while " five one hour above the feet ".
The staff and two ; to use it, one held the crosspiece to and fro objects whose angular distance slid could be calibrated in various ways to give the information desired. The latitude of a point on the Earth's surface can be deter- mined by measuring the height of the Sun above the horizon and adding (or subtracting) the angle of declination of the Sun for that day. This method was not much used in the fifteenth century, because it was easier to determine the altitude of the Pole Star and compare it with the altitude at some known point but in actual practice neither astronomer nor seaman spoke in terms of latitude, ; a concept known only to the scientific cosmographer.
Beyond the planetary Saturn ; spheres lay the sphere of the fixed stars ; and the ninth sphere of the Primum Mobile. that again, size of these beyond The spheres was presumed to be arranged in some sort of harmonious proportion, and indeed it was commonly held that in turning, these spheres produced a heavenly all harmony, in which, perhaps, the stars joined: Look how the floor of heaven thick inlaid with patines of bright gold : There's not the smallest orb which thou behold'st Is But Still So motion like an angel sings, to the quiring young-ey'd cherubim/ in his far, all at the centre was well, and men were pleasantly aware of being of a neat cosmos, designed and ordered 40 for the CELESTIAL MOTIONS EARTH FIG.