The Verbal Complex in Subordinate Clauses from Medieval to by Christopher D. Sapp

By Christopher D. Sapp

This study monograph is an empirical and theoretical learn of clause-final verbal complexes within the background of German. The ebook provides corpus reviews of heart excessive German and Early New excessive German and surveys of latest forms of German. those investigations of the verbal complicated handle not just the frequencies of the note orders, but additionally the linguistic elements that impact them. On that empirical foundation, the research followed is the vintage verb-final strategy, with substitute orders derived by way of Verb (Projection) elevating. Verb elevating in those ancient and smooth types is topic to morphological, prosodic, and sociolinguistic regulations, suggesting that the orders in query should not pushed by way of slender syntax yet through their results on the interface with phonology. This examine might be of curiosity to scholars and students learning the diachronic syntax of German, West Germanic dialect syntax, and the connection among prosody and observe order.

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2). 4). 2). 3). The above factors in combination were found to have the most significant effect on verb order in GoldVarb's step-up/step-down function. 5) influence the relative order of the verbs, although these effects are largely the result of interactions with other factors, namely focus and syntagm. 1). The next chapter will test these same effects on a corpus of Early New High German, with largely the same results. 2 The combined effect of the favoring factors In this chapter, I have discussed a number offactors that favor the 1-2 order in MHG.

7%). 8. Recall from Chapter 1 that my database overlaps with Prell's by five texts. 21 22 The Verbal Complex in Subordinate Clauses from Medieval to Modern German Quantified NPs behave similarly. 9 Table 3. Effect of the category of the preceding word on 1-2 order Class of preceding word 2-1 1-2 Factorwt. 001 In addition to non-pronominal NPs, adjectives strongly favor the 1-2 order. Both of the remaining frequently occurring categories, adverbs and prepositional phrases, have rates that are close to or slightly below the expected rate of 1-2.

Sein passive progressive werden passive perfect with sein perfect with haben modal +in£ other V + inf. 8 The hierarchy from my MHG corpus (12a) can be compared to those found by Prell (12b): ( 12) a. b. sein pass. > werden pass. > sein perf. > haben pert~ > modals sein pass. > werden pass. > pedtd > modals (Prel12001: 85, cited in Paul 2007: 455-456) In both my MHG study and Prell (2001), the statal passive with sein has the 1-2 order considerably less often than the werden passive does. Other than that, the hierarchies are similar to that in ENHG, all showing the general pattern of passive> perfect> modal.

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