The Woodland Southeast by David G. Anderson
By David G. Anderson
This assortment offers, for the 1st time, a much-needed synthesis of the most important study issues and findings that symbolize the forest interval within the southeastern United States.The wooded area interval (ca. 1200 B.C. to A.D. a thousand) has been the topic of loads of archaeological learn during the last 25 years. Researchers have discovered that during this nearly 2000-year period the peoples of the Southeast skilled expanding sedentism, inhabitants development, and organizational complexity. before everything of the interval, individuals are assumed to were dwelling in small teams, loosely certain via collective burial rituals. yet by means of the 1st millennium A.D., a few elements of the quarter had densely packed civic ceremonial facilities governed via hereditary elites. Maize was once now the first foodstuff crop. might be most significantly, the traditional animal-focused and hunting-based faith and cosmology have been being changed through sunlight and battle iconography, in keeping with societies depending on agriculture, and whose elites have been more and more in pageant with each other. This quantity synthesizes the examine on what occurred in this period and the way those alterations happened whereas examining the period's archaeological record.In collecting the most recent study to be had at the forest interval, the editors have incorporated contributions from the total variety of experts operating within the box, highlighted significant subject matters, and directed readers to the correct basic assets. Of curiosity to archaeologists and anthropologists, either specialist and novice, it will be a worthy reference paintings necessary to knowing the forest interval within the Southeast.
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Extra resources for The Woodland Southeast
Perhaps the most impressive evidence of Late Woodland mound construction in the region is Toltec Mounds in Arkansas, characterized by eighteen mounds surrounded by an earthen embankment and a ditch (Rolingson 1998a, this volume). The Late Woodland was thus not a time of organizational decline or simplification throughout the region. Weeden Island culture societies along the Gulf Coast and the Coles Creek societies of the central and lower Mississippi Valley were as complex as any that came before.
1989b; Maher 1996; Kelly, this volume), as well as the construction sequence at Pinson Mounds (Mainfort 1996a). D. 700 and 900, probably at different times within the study area. D. 400 and 600 (Conner and Ray 1995:121). These are the only secure dates on the Baytown period (as the concept is used here) within the study area. D. Morse and P. ] 1980; Morse and Morse 1983:182; see also P. Morse and D. Morse 1990:53) suggest that three dates on the Dunklin phase component at Zebree fall within the Baytown interval.
Some Evansville Punctated and Wheeler Check Stamped sherds were found in a few “more recent” pits (Spears 1978:92). Baytown point styles include expanded base, notched, and stemmed forms (D. Morse and P. Morse 1983:188; cf. Spears 1978:146). A single Steuben Stemmed–like point was recovered from a Baytown pit at the Hayti Bypass site (J. Ray 1995:191–93). True arrow points are not present in reported Baytown components in northeast Arkansas and southeast Missouri, You are reading copyrighted material published by the University of Alabama Press.