To Know God and the Soul: Essays on the Thought of Saint by Teske
To understand God and the Soul offers a set of essays on Augustine of Hippo written over the last twenty-five years through popular thinker Roland Teske. They show Teske's significant pursuits in Augustine, specifically Augustine's discovery of a spiritualist metaphysics within the philosophy of Plotinus that allowed him to damage away from Manichean and Stoic corporealism in order that he may perhaps conceive of God as incorporeal and non-temporal and of the soul as incorporeal. Augustine's assimilation of Plotinian proposal as a way of knowing Catholic Christianity supplied key solutions to a couple of the issues that he had had with the Christian religion, however it additionally resulted in different difficulties simply because a few elements of Platonism have been incompatible with the Christian religion, as might be visible in Augustine's early account of the affection of neighbor and in his figuring out of the purpose of construction. The articles concentrate on Augustine's philosophical proposal and language approximately God, his argument for the life of God, homes of God corresponding to his substantiality and immutability, the production of the realm in time in addition to the query raised through the Manichees approximately what God was once doing ahead of he created the realm. They tie the definition of time within the Confessions to the concept that of a world-soul, which Augustine held at least within the years as much as the Confessions. they provide an evidence of the cohesion of the Confessions, in particular via an entice Augustine's interpretation of the heaven of heaven, and aspect to the salvific function of Christ who, based on Augustine, got here to loose us from time and make us everlasting. as well as a brief basic creation, all of the articles is observed by way of a short mirrored image during which the writer has the bishop of Hippo's lead via offering a retractatio, within which he reexamines the articles from his present-day point of view.
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Additional info for To Know God and the Soul: Essays on the Thought of Saint Augustine (Early Christian Studies)
The only Christian thinker prior to Augustine to have used the Plotinian concept of eternity in his speculative thought seems to have been Gregory of Nyssa. See David L. Balás, “Eternity and Time in Gregory of Nyssa’s Contra Eunomium,” in Gregor von Nyssa und die Philosophie, ed. Heinrich Dörrie, Margarete Altenburger, and Uta Schramm (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976), 128–155. Balás concludes, “Most historians of philosophy would consider St. Augustine as the first Christian thinker who adopted [the strict notion of eternity].
73 He faces the Psalm text that God “has stretched out the heaven like a skin” (Ps 103:2), which seems contrary to the view that the heaven is spherical. . ”75 Let me, then, turn to two points of philosophical doctrine. In writing to Caelestinus in 390 or 391, Augustine offers a brief, but important summary of his worldview: “Accept this priceless, but tiny gem (quiddam grande, sed breve). There is a nature changeable in places and times, such as the body, and there is a nature not changeable in place at all, but changeable only in time, such as the soul, and there is a nature which cannot change either in place or in time.
Acad. 3, 19, 42; see above note 39. 44. ” He cites the text for the first time in lib. arb. 1, 2, 4 and then again in lib. arb. 2, 2, 6 and mag. 11, 37. 45. Gilson, The Christian Philosophy of St. Augustine, 34. Gilson points to mor. 1, 2, 3, 1311–1312, where he claims Augustine uses the faulty method of beginning with reason—a method that Gilson oddly views as Manichaean. , 265n31). 14 Augustine & Neoplationism to prejudice the case against anything like an autonomous philosophy within his thought.