Topicalization and Stress Clash Avoidance in the History of by Augustin Speyer
By Augustin Speyer
The ebook is anxious with the interplay of syntax, details constitution and prosody within the heritage of English, demonstrating this with a case learn of item topicalization. The technique is data-oriented, utilizing fabric from syntactically parsed electronic corpora of previous, heart and Early sleek English, which function an exceptional starting place for conclusions. using item topicalization underwent a pointy decline from outdated English till this day. within the current quantity, a easy prosodic well-formedness situation, the conflict Avoidance Requirement, is pointed out because the major issue for this transformation. With the lack of V2-syntax, item topicalization led extra simply to situations within which focalized words, the topicalized item and the topic, are adjoining. the 2 focal accents on those words may produce a conflict, therefore violating the conflict Avoidance Requirement. so one can keep away from this, using topicalization in serious situations is refrained from. The conflict Avoidance Requirement is extremely proper additionally this present day, as experimental information on English and German convey. extra, the conflict Avoidance Requirement is helping to provide an explanation for the well known syntactic constitution of the left outer edge in previous English. An research positing topic positions is defended within the learn. the difference of those topic positions is proven to count no longer on pronominal vs. lexical prestige of the topic yet on details structural houses.
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Extra resources for Topicalization and Stress Clash Avoidance in the History of English
By the speakers of virtually all Romance languages. English speakers developed similar strategies: the dative case could be replaced by a to-phrase, the genitive case by an of-phrase. In English the use of prepositional phrases as replacement cases has been variable. This is in contrast to the western Romance languages, where all noun phrases in the functions that had been expressed by the dative and genitive case in Latin must appear as prepositional phrases with the respective outcome of the Latin prepositions ad and de, respectively.
Because in the later argumentation the prosodic properties of these respective types of topicalization play a role, it is necessary to point out that double-focus-topicalization is the only one of these types that can produce prosodic clashes. In the other cases there is either only one element with maximal focal prominence (focus movement) or no focal emphasis is involved (scene-setting preposing; anaphoric preposing). In these cases the rules will automatically generate a grid in which the metrical prominence peak on the preposed element and the nucleus will be separated by at least one phrase (viz.
Rich nominal morphology is usually connected with free word order (cf. g. Kiparsky 1997: 461). g. information structural needs, because the grammatical relations are expressed sufficiently by the respective case morphemes and thus need not remain in their basegenerated place. The model case for this situation is Latin. In Latin there are few fixed points with respect to surface sentence structure (pretty much the only fixed point is that the verb is normally at the end, which we might translate into the assumption that Latin had an Infl-final structure).