Tourism and Archaeological Heritage Management at Petra: by Douglas Comer

By Douglas Comer

Once visited purely by means of the cognoscenti of the traditional international, during the last decade Petra has drawn virtually 1000000 viewers in a few years. Petra burst into renowned realization with the discharge of tremendously well known movie Raiders of the misplaced Ark in 1981. Moviegoers world wide have been brought to a couple of the amazing scenic wonders of Petra: the Siq, a slim chasm with colourful, towering sandstone partitions, and Al-Khazna, the exquisitely carved tomb for a Nabataean king.

For centuries, the Nabataeans managed the alternate in priceless commodities around the Arabian Peninsula, carry spices from Southeast Asia, incense from present-day Yemen, gold and ivory from Africa, and silk from the some distance East around the Empty region to ports at the western Mediterranean.

In 1985, Petra was once incorporated at the record of global background websites. in view that then, reasonably-priced jet trip and a quick road from the capital urban of Amman have made the location more and more available. The Jordanian govt has made attracting travelers to Jordan a most sensible precedence.

For all the realization that Petra has bought, it really is nonetheless unusually poorly understood. A largely approved chronology of the town, even the dates of significant tombs and monuments, has but to be demonstrated. Even the secret of why and the way Arab nomads followed a sedentary way of life and equipped an excellent urban has but to be totally defined.

Will Petra’s acceptance as a tourism vacation spot overshadow the significance of addressing those questions, and, extra importantly, will tourism harm the archaeological is still there in ways in which make solutions more challenging or maybe most unlikely to find?

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As there is no plan for Petra National Park, all efforts to determine the exact limits of Petra would be fruitless. The details which the Division of Cultural Heritage requested the Jordanian government to provide in its letter of March 7, 1985, still have not been received and so we cannot at present propose a positive evaluation. The entire nomination form of record contains only three pages of text [2]. In these pages, only coordinates for the center of the nominated property are given. Coordinates for boundaries are not given.

11 Catching Up There is widespread understanding at both UNESCO and ICOMOS that World Heritage Sites inscribed in years soon after the implementation of the World Heritage Convention were not asked to provide sufficient information or to establish the capacity for effective management. Petra is a case in point. Therefore, ‘‘Retrospective Inventories’’ are now being prepared for such sites. Retrospective Inventory for Petra ([1], but cites information collected as late as 2006) contains the following statement: The Petra National Park apparently did not have a formal existence or boundaries at the time of inscription.

The first official boundaries appear to be that shown in fig. II-1 of the 1994 Management Plan (item #32a). This Park boundary corresponds to item #76, and reappears on #17, which may have been a planning draft for the expanded park that appears in the 1994 Management Plan #35). (Note that a marked-up version of #35 (#35a) includes a penciled version of the old PNP boundary but shifted about 4,000 m northward from the location shown on #17). As an official revision to the Park boundaries in 1995, #35 was withdrawn by the State Party after adverse ICOMOS comments.

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