Toward a Modern Chinese Buddhism: Taixu’s Reforms by Don A. Pittman
By Don A. Pittman
The Venerable grasp Taixu (1890-1947) is crucial and debatable chinese language Buddhist reformer of the 20th century. this can be the 1st significant examine in English to target the charismatic reformer and his teachings and gives a entire and soaking up interpretation of Taixu's goals and the divisive controversies that surrounded him. This nuanced paintings is richly documented with quotations from Taixu's personal writings and from a number of chinese language intellectuals and evangelists of the interval.
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Extra info for Toward a Modern Chinese Buddhism: Taixu’s Reforms
61 Only a very few Christian missionaries in the 1800s, like the English Baptist Timothy Richard (1845–1919), articulated a more inclusive theology. Arriving in China in 1869, Richard sought to define an approach to mission that was based more on the striking continuities between Buddhism and Christianity than on their often highlighted discontinuities. ” 62 Richard once stated: Let no man conclude . . that I think lightly of Buddhism. On the contrary I hold it to be one of the noblest efforts, on one of the grandest scales the world has ever seen, of men trying to solve some of the greatest problems of human existence.
It is a science without inspiration, a religion with- 40 D E F E N D I NG TH E D H A R M A out God, a body without a spirit, unable to regenerate, cheerless, cold, dead and deplorably barren of results. Can these dry bones live? 67 Among the more widely respected of the many Christian mission leaders who concurred with the negative answer implied in Eitel’s rhetorical question was Joseph Edkins, a missionary-scholar first associated with the Evangelical Missionary Society of Basel and later with the London Missionary Society.
46 In the Ming and Qing dynasties, while large numbers of Buddhists explored doctrine and ritual practice within these lay associations, many other Chinese became familiar with elements of the religion through popular literature, syncretic religious traditions, or millenarian sects and secret societies. Chinese novels such as Jin Ping Mei (Golden Lotus), Xiyou ji ( Journey to the West), and Shuihu zhuan (Water Margin) gave both readers and illiterate listeners opportunities to learn about Buddhist values, practices, and personalities.