Verbs in Medieval English: Differences in Verb Choice in by Michiko Ogura

By Michiko Ogura

The way forward for English linguistics as envisaged via the editors of themes in English Linguistics lies in empirical stories which combine paintings in English linguistics into normal and theoretical linguistics at the one hand, and comparative linguistics at the different. The TiEL sequence good points volumes that current fascinating new facts and analyses, and primarily clean techniques that give a contribution to the final target of the sequence, that's to additional remarkable examine in English linguistics.

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Ton/ütan we + Inf was used until Early Middle English as an alternative. ', the subjunctive is the only way of expressing the imperative force. It is interesting to see how PsCaA and PsCaD gloss to the Latin pres. subj. , which has a sense of 'let us . . 19 [benedicamus ... laudcemus ... superexaltcemus] bledsien we ... hergen we ... uphebben we vs. PsCaD uton bletsian ... uton herian ... ofer uton ahebban. In Middle English, the endings are zero for the 2nd person sg. and -(e)s (in the North) or -(e)l> (elsewhere) for the plural.

1,3 wi\,vfi\{l)e, Sg. Pl. wilen, woln, wol, wüllej) (S) PI. Sg. PI. Part. wold Subjunctive wile, wole wilen, woln 2. 1. Presentforms In Old English, both streng and weak verbs take -e, -(e)st, and -t/-(e)jj for the Ist, 2nd, and 3rd person ind. sg. Thus ridan (class I) has ic r'ide, fjü r'idest, he r'idejj/rit, and deman (first weak verb), ic deme, jjü dem(e)st, he dem(e)l). Besides, strong verbs have the 2nd and 3rd person pres. sg. forms both with and without umlaut. Thus beodan (class II) has ic beode but pü bietst/beodest and he biet(t)/beodelj; helpan (class IE) has ic helpe but fjü hilpst/helpest and he hilpJj/helpejj; cuman (class IV) has ic cume but jjü cymst/cumest and he cymp/cumejj, etc.

7. 9), and to-scelan ('impersonal'), in addition. 8. Verbs with genitive reflexive) and accusative (including 'impersonal' and Verbs with an accusative of person and a genitive of thing are not so rare but, as is noticeable, most of them disappear in the course of Middle English (Visser, § 6 7 9 and Index). )', ge-hcelan 'to heal' (which Visser classifies under "+ 3 + 4", *a-liesan 'to release' ("+ 4 + 5"), and *be-werian 'to restrain' ("+ 3 + 4" and "+ 4 + 5"). 9. Verbs with dative and accusative reflexive) of verbs 37 (including 'impersonaV and Verbs with a dative of person and an accusative of thing are most likely to survive up to Modem English owing to their syntactic environment, which is natural to the English language.

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