Women's Networks in Medieval France: Gender and Community in by Kathryn L. Reyerson

By Kathryn L. Reyerson

This publication illuminates the connections and interplay between ladies and among men and women through the medieval interval. to do that, Kathryn L. Reyerson focuses particularly at the studies of Agnes de Bossones, widow of a changer of the mercantile elite of Montpellier. Agnes was once a true property multi-millionaire and a consumer of philanthropic associations that authorised decrease strata girls to outlive and thrive in a mature city economic system of the interval earlier than 1350. particularly, Montpellier was once a wide city middle in southern France. Linkages stretched horizontally and vertically during this strong city setting, mitigating the constraints of patriarchy and the restrictions of gender. utilizing the tale of Agnes de Bossones as a automobile to bigger discussions approximately gender, this publication highlights the indisputable effect that networks had on women’s mobility and navigation inside a restrictive medieval society.

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The Bon Amic children were the only branch of the family without a surviving parent. At the end of the will, Agnes referred to two earlier wills (neither of these survives), written by the notary Laurentii, that she now stated were null and void. She declared the present instrument to be her last will which she praised, approved, ratified, and confirmed. Had she changed her mind about some details in her earlier wills, altered her bequests, chosen to favor some descendants over others? It is possible that the deaths of two of her three daughters necessitated changes in her earlier wills.

Riada sold to her brother-in-law Marquerius Roclaudus, changer, one fourth of a vineyard, co-owned with Bernardus de Balaruc, her brother, and also a brother-in-law of Marquerius. A. M.  Grimaudi, f. 30. 46 See the discussion of litigation later in this chapter. The brothers were apparently suing the estate of Petrus, though the exact basis of their complaint is unclear. 47 Agnes married into a large and prominent family. 48 Agnes’s husband Petrus had been a consul of Montpellier in 1290, as noted earlier.

Given, Inquisition and Medieval Society. Power, Discipline, and Resistance in Languedoc (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1997). 24 A. M. Montpellier, Commune Clôture, EE 678, 26 November 1302. See also A. M.  Grimaudi, f. 37r. AGNES DE BOSSONES’S ORIGINS, MARRIAGE, AND LITIGATION 7 Among the social categories of the south of France, one often finds the dichotomy, in episcopal centers, of a civitas (cité, the bishop’s quarter with a cathedral) and burg (bourg, a merchant quarter, perhaps dominated by a lay lord).

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